The "e" changes everything. The Product Safety Act stipulates that manufacturers are prohibited from bringing a product to market if it, or its packaging or documentation, bears a CE mark, but the product doesn’t comply with the requirements of CE marking. Nor can a manufacturer sell a product that does not have a CE mark.
The act also gives market surveillance authorities the power to prohibit the marketing or display of a non-conforming product. If one is on the market, authorities have the right to order that it be withdrawn or recalled. A conventional bicycle is not, and never has been, covered by the law because it can be sold without a CE mark. Put an electric motor on that bike, however, and everything changes.
Pedelecs — e-bikes that have a maximum speed of 25 kph (15.5 mph) and use a motor rated at 250 watts — must have CE marking. No ifs, ands or buts. Anyone who rents or sells pedelecs or otherwise makes them available on the market is required to comply with this law. Before a manufacturer can put a pedelec on the market, it must meet all requirements stipulated by the harmonization legislation of the European Union.
Dangerously wrong. Manufacturers who believe a pedelec frame merely has to comply with relevant EN or ISO standards are not just wrong, but dangerously wrong, because that can make them vulnerable to enforcement actions. It is not enough for manufacturers to ensure that all components have passed mechanical tests. They must also ensure, for example, that all electrical components have been tested for environmental influences and electromagnetic emissions. Rechargeable batteries must be tested in accordance with UN transport regulations.
Read the entire article here.
Author: Dirk Zedler